Transcriptome analysis of the midgut gland of the brown shrimp Crangon crangon indicates high polymorphism in digestive enzymes


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diana.martinez-alarcon [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Tolerance of organisms towards heterogeneous and variable environments is highly related to physiological flexibility. An effective strategy to enhance physiological flexibility is the expression of polymorphic enzymes. This seems to be the case in the brown shrimp Crangon crangon. It shows high reproduction rates, feeds opportunistically on endo- and epibenthic organisms, and is apparently well adapted to variable environmental conditions. Previous electrophoretic studies revealed a high level of polymorphism and no consistent phenotype of digestive enzymes between individuals. In order to understand the underlying biochemical processes, we carried out a transcriptome-based study of digestive enzymes of C. crangon. Detailed sequence analyses of triacylglycerol lipase, phospholipase A2, alpha amylase, chitinase, trypsin and cathepsin L were performed to identify putative isoforms. The number of isoforms, and thus the degree of polymorphism varied among enzymes: lipases and carbohydrases showed higher numbers of isoforms in enzymes that besides their extracellular function also have diverse intracellular functions. Furthermore, cysteine proteinases showed a lower polymorphism than serine proteinases. We suggest that the expression of enzyme isoforms improves the efficiency of C. crangon in gaining energy from different food sources.



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Article
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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
48211
DOI 10.1016/j.margen.2018.09.006

Cite as
Martinez-Alarcon, D. , Harms, L. , Hagen, W. and Saborowski, R. (2018): Transcriptome analysis of the midgut gland of the brown shrimp Crangon crangon indicates high polymorphism in digestive enzymes , Marine Genomics . doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2018.09.006


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