Phytoplankton responses to marine climate change – an introduction


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jana.geuer [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Phytoplankton are one of the key players in the ocean and contribute approximately 50% to global primary production. They serve as the basis for marine food webs, drive chemical composition of the global atmosphere and thereby climate. Seasonal environmental changes and nutrient availability naturally influence phytoplankton species composition. Since the industrial era, anthropogenic climatic influences have increased noticeably – also within the ocean. Our changing climate, however, affects the composition of phytoplankton species composition on a long-term basis and requires the organisms to adapt to this changing environment, influencing micronutrient bioavailability and other biogeochemical parameters. At the same time, phytoplankton themselves can influence the climate with their responses to environmental changes. Due to its key role, phytoplankton has been of interest in marine sciences for quite some time and there are several methodical approaches implemented in oceanographic sciences. There are ongoing attempts to improve predictions and to close gaps in the understanding of this sensitive ecological system and its responses.



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Inbook
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Peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
48214
DOI 10.1007/978-3-319-93284-2_5

Cite as
Käse, L. and Geuer, J. K. (2018): Phytoplankton responses to marine climate change – an introduction / S. Jungblut , V. Liebich and M. Bode (editors) , In: YOUMARES 8 – Oceans Across Boundaries: Learning from each other, YOUMARES 8 – Oceans Across Boundaries: Learning from each other, Phytoplankton Responses to Marine Climate Change – An Introduction, Springer, ISBN: 978-3-319-93284-2 . doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-93284-2_5


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