Success of chemolithoautotrophic SUP05 and Sulfurimonas GD17 cells in pelagic Baltic Sea redox zones is facilitated by their lifestyles as K- and r -strategists


Contact
andreas.rogge [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Chemolithoautotrophic sulfur-oxidizing and denitrifying Gamma- (particularly the SUP05 cluster) and Epsilonproteobacteria (predominantly Sulfurimonas subgroup GD17) are assumed to compete for substrates (electron donors and acceptors) in marine pelagic redox gradients. In order to elucidate their ecological niche separation we performed 34S0, 15NO3-, and H13CO3- stable-isotope incubations with water samples from Baltic Sea suboxic, chemocline and sulfidic zones followed by combined phylogenetic staining and high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry of single cells. SUP05 cells were small-sized (0.06–0.09 µm3) and most abundant in low-sulfidic to suboxic zones, whereas Sulfurimonas GD17 cells were significantly larger (0.26–0.61 µm3) and most abundant at the chemocline and below. Together, SUP05 and GD17 cells accumulated up to 48% of the labelled substrates but calculation of cell volume-specific rates revealed that GD17 cells incorporated labelled substrates significantly faster throughout the redox zone, thereby potentially outcompeting SUP05 especially at high substrate concentrations. Thus, in synopsis with earlier described features of SUP05/GD17 we conclude that their spatially overlapping association in stratified sulfidic zones is facilitated by their different lifestyles: Whereas SUP05 cells are streamlined, non-motile K-strategists adapted to low substrate concentrations, GD17 cells are motile r-strategists well adapted to fluctuating substrate and redox conditions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Peer revision
Peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
48284
DOI 10.1111/1462-2920.13783

Cite as
Rogge, A. , Vogts, A. , Voss, M. , Jürgens, K. , Jost, G. and Labrenz, M. (2017): Success of chemolithoautotrophic SUP05 and Sulfurimonas GD17 cells in pelagic Baltic Sea redox zones is facilitated by their lifestyles as K- and r -strategists , Environmental Microbiology, 19 (6), pp. 2495-2506 . doi: 10.1111/1462-2920.13783


Share


Citation

Research Platforms
N/A

Campaigns


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item