Within-generation and transgenerational plasticity of mate choice in oceanic stickleback under climate change


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Lisa.Shama [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Plasticity, both within and across generations, can shape sexual traits involved in mate choice and reproductive success, and thus direct measures of fitness. Especially, transgenerational plasticity (TGP), where parental environment influences offspring plasticity in future environments, could compensate for otherwise negative effects of environmental change on offspring sexual traits. We conducted a mate choice experiment using stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) with different thermal histories (ambient 178C or elevated 218C) within and across generations under simulated ocean warming using outdoor mesocosms. Parentage analysis of egg clutches revealed that maternal developmental temperature and reproductive (mesocosm) environment affected egg size, with females that developed at 178C laying smaller eggs in 218C mesocosms, likely owing to metabolic costs at elevated temperature. Paternal developmental temperature interacted with the reproductive environment to influence mating success, particularly under simulated ocean warming, with males that developed at 218C showing lower overallmating success compared with 178C males, but higher mating success in 218C mesocosms. Furthermore, mating success of males was influenced by the interaction between F1 developmental temperature and F0 parent acclimation temperature, demonstrating the potential role of both TGP and within-generation plasticity in shaping traits involved in sexual selection and mate choice, potentially facilitating rapid responses to environmental change. This article is part of the theme issue ‘The role of plasticity in phenotypic adaptation to rapid environmental change’.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
48989
DOI 10.1098/rstb.2018.0183

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Fuxjäger, L. , Wanzenböck, S. , Ringler, E. , Wegner, K. M. , Ahnelt, H. and Shama, L. (2019): Within-generation and transgenerational plasticity of mate choice in oceanic stickleback under climate change , Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences . doi: 10.1098/rstb.2018.0183


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