Distribution of 210Pb and 210Po in the Arctic water column during the 2007 sea-ice minimum: Particle export in the ice-covered basins


Contact
Michiel.Rutgers.v.d.Loeff [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

210Pb and 210Po are naturally occurring radionuclides that are commonly used as a proxy for particle and carbon export. In this study, the distribution of the 210Po/210Pb pair was investigated in the water column of the Barents,Kara and Laptev Seas and the Nansen, Amundsen and Makarov Basins in order to understand the particle dynamics in the Arctic Ocean during the 2007 sea-ice minimum (August–September). Minimum activities of total 210Pb and 210Po were found in the upper and lower haloclines (approx. 60–130 m), which are partly attributed to particle scavenging over the shelves, boundary current transport and subsequent advection of the water with low 210Pb and 210Po activities into the central Arctic. Widespread and substantial (> 50%) deficits of 210Po with respect to 210Pb were detected from surface waters to 200m on the shelves, but also in the basins. This was particularly important in the Makarov Basin where, despite very low chlorophyll-a levels, estimates of annual new primary production were three times higher than in the Eurasian Basin. In the Nansen, Amundsen and Makarov Basins, estimates of annual new primary production correlated with the deficits of 210Po in the upper 200m of the water column, suggesting that in situ production and subsequent export of biogenic material were the mechanisms that controlled the removal of 210Po in the central Arctic. Unlike 210Po, 234Th deficits measured during the same expedition were found to be very small and not significant below 25m in the basins (Cai et al., 2010), which indicates, given the shorter half-life of 234Th, that particle export fluxes in the central Arctic would have been higher before July–August in 2007 than later in the season.



Item Type
Article
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Peer revision
Scopus/ISI peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
49037
DOI 10.1016/j.dsr.2018.09.011

Cite as
Roca-Martí, M. , Puigcorbé, V. , Friedrich, J. , Rutgers van der Loeff, M. , Rabe, B. , Korhonen, M. , Cámara-Mor, P. , Garcia-Orellana, J. and Masqué, P. (2018): Distribution of 210Pb and 210Po in the Arctic water column during the 2007 sea-ice minimum: Particle export in the ice-covered basins , Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 142 , pp. 94-106 . doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2018.09.011


Share


Citation

Research Platforms

Campaigns


Actions
Edit Item Edit Item