STC1 and PTHrP Modify Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in Liver of a Teleost Fish


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Christian.Bock [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) and parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP) are calciotropic hormones in vertebrates. Here, a recently hypothesized metabolic role for these hormones is tested on European sea bass treated with: (i) teleost PTHrP(1–34), (ii) PTHrP(1–34) and anti-STC1 serum (pro-PTHrP groups), (iii) a PTHrP antagonist PTHrP(7–34) or (iv) PTHrP(7–34) and STC1 (pro-STC1 groups). Livers were analysed using untargeted metabolic profiling based on proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) spectroscopy. Concentrations of branched-chain amino acid (BCAA), alanine, glutamine and glutamate increased in pro-STC1 groups suggesting their mobilization from the muscle to the liver for degradation and gluconeogenesis from alanine and glutamine. In addition, only STC1 treatment decreased the concentrations of succinate, fumarate and acetate, indicating slowing of the citric acid cycle. In the pro-PTHrP groups the concentrations of glucose, erythritol and lactate decreased, indicative of gluconeogenesis from lactate. Taurine, trimethylamine, trimethylamine N-oxide and carnitine changed in opposite directions in the pro-STC1 versus the pro-PTHrP groups, suggesting opposite effects, with STC1 stimulating lipogenesis and PTHrP activating lipolysis/β-oxidation of fatty acids. These findings suggest a role for STC1 and PTHrP related to strategic energy mechanisms that involve the production of glucose and safeguard of liver glycogen reserves for stressful situations.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Eprint ID
49142
DOI 10.1038/s41598-018-36821-2

Cite as
Palma, P. F. , Bock, C. , Silva, T. S. , Guerreiro, P. M. , Power, D. M. , Poertner, H. O. and Canario, A. V. (2019): STC1 and PTHrP Modify Carbohydrate and Lipid Metabolism in Liver of a Teleost Fish , Scientific Reports, 9 (723), pp. 1-12 . doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-36821-2


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