September Arctic sea ice minimum prediction — a skillful new statistical approach


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Monica.Ionita [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Sea ice in both polar regions is an important indicator of the expression of global climate change and its polar amplification. Consequently, broad interest exists on sea ice coverage, variability and long-term change. However, its predictability is complex and it depends strongly on different atmospheric and oceanic parameters. In order to provide insights into the potential development of a monthly/seasonal signal of sea ice evolution, we applied a robust statistical model based on different oceanic and atmospheric parameters to calculate an estimate of the September sea ice extent (SSIE) on a monthly timescale. Although previous statistical attempts of monthly/seasonal SSIE forecasts show a relatively reduced skill, when the trend is removed, we show here that the September sea ice extent has a high predictive skill, up to 4 months ahead, based on previous months’ oceanic and atmospheric conditions. Our statistical model skillfully captures the interannual variability of the SSIE and could provide a valuable tool for identifying relevant regions and oceanic and atmospheric parameters that are important for the sea ice development in the Arctic and for detecting sensitive/critical regions in global coupled climate models with a focus on sea ice formation.



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Article
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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
49304
DOI 10.5194/esd-10-189-2019

Cite as
Ionita, M. , Grosfeld, K. , Scholz, P. , Treffeisen, R. and Lohmann, G. (2019): September Arctic sea ice minimum prediction — a skillful new statistical approach , Earth System Dynamics, 10 (1), pp. 189-203 . doi: 10.5194/esd-10-189-2019


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