Predictability of Antarctic Sea Ice Edge on Subseasonal Time Scales


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lorenzo.zampieri [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Coupled subseasonal forecast systems with dynamical sea ice have the potential of providing important predictive information in polar regions. Here, we evaluate the ability of operational ensemble prediction systems to predict the location of the sea ice edge in Antarctica. Compared to the Arctic, Antarctica shows on average a 30% lower skill, with only one system remaining more skillful than aclimatological benchmark up to ∼30 days ahead. Skill tends to be highest in the west Antarctic sectorduring the early freezing season. Most of the systems tend to overestimate the sea ice edge extent and fail to capture the onset of the melting season. All the forecast systems exhibit large initial errors. We conclude that subseasonal sea ice redictions could provide marginal support for decision-making only in selected seasons and regions of the Southern Ocean. However, major progress is possible through investments in model development, forecast initialization and calibration.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
50080
DOI 10.1029/2019GL084096

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Zampieri, L. , Goessling, H. and Jung, T. , Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung, University of Bremen (2019): Predictability of Antarctic Sea Ice Edge on Subseasonal Time Scales , Geophysical Research Letters, 46 . doi: 10.1029/2019GL084096


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info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/727862


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