Seasonal evolution of light transmission through Arctic summer sea ice

Christian.Katlein [ at ]


Light transmission through sea ice has been identified as a critical process for energy partitioning at the polar atmosphere–ice–ocean boundary. Transmission of sunlight influences direct sea-ice melting by absorption, heat deposition in the upper ocean, and in particular primary productivity. While earlier observations relied on a limited number of point observations, the recent years have seen an increase in spatially distributed light measurements underneath sea ice using remotely operated vehicles (ROV). These measurements allow us to reconstruct the seasonal evolution of the spatial variability in light transmission. Here we present measurements of sea-ice light transmittance from 6 years of polar ROV operations. The dataset covers the entire melt cycle of central Arctic sea ice. Data is combined into a pseudo timeseries describing the seasonal evolution of the changing spatial variability of sea-ice optical properties. Snow melt in spring increases light transmission continuously, until a secondary mode originating from translucent melt-ponds appears in the histograms of light transmittance. This secondary mode persists long into autumn, before snow fall reduces overall light levels again. Comparison to several autonomous time series measurements from single locations confirms the detected general patterns of the seasonal evolution of light transmittance variability. These results allow for the evaluation of two different light transmittance parameterizations, implying that light transmission is overestimated in current ice–ocean models.

Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Not peer-reviewed
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Event Details
International Symposium on Sea Ice at the Interface, 19 Aug 2019 - 23 Aug 2019, Winnipeg, MA, Canada.
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Katlein, C. , Arndt, S. , Belter, H. J. and Nicolaus, M. (2019): Seasonal evolution of light transmission through Arctic summer sea ice , International Symposium on Sea Ice at the Interface, Winnipeg, MA, Canada, 19 August 2019 - 23 August 2019 .


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