Genomic characterization of Filamentous Phage vB_VpaI_VP-3218, an Inducible Prophage of Vibrio parahaemolyticus


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Antje.Wichels [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The seawater temperature rise promotes the growth of potentially human pathogenic Vibrio species. In the North Sea, V. parahaemolyticus strains have been isolated and characterized. These strains contain prophages that may contribute to the emergence of pathogenic strains in the marine environment. Here, we present the genome structure and possible biological functions of the inducible phage vB_VpaI_VP-3218, a novel filamentous phage carried by the V. parahaemolyticus strain VN-3218. Prophages of the strain VN-3218 were induced with mitomycin C and the DNA from the phage induction was sequenced. Two incomplete prophages were identified, only one complete phage genome with length of 11,082 bp was characterized. The phage vB_VpaI_VP-3218 belongs to the Inoviridae family and shows close homology to the Saetivirus genus. This phage can integrate into the chromosomal host genome and carries host-related regions absent in similar phage genomes, suggesting that this phage integrates within other host genomes. Furthermore, this phage might have a role in pathogenicity due to potential zonula occludens toxin genes. Based on genomic similarity, this phage is an episomally reversible integrated lysogenic phage. This study complements prophage induction and bioinformatic studies applied to non-model species of potentially pathogenic Vibrio species. The characterization of this phage provides new insights with respect to the presence of filamentous phages in environmental V. parahaemolyticus strains, which might have a role in the emergence of new pathogenic strains in the North Sea.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
50554
DOI 10.1016/j.margen.2020.100767

Cite as
Garin-Fernandez, A. , Glöckner, F. O. and Wichels, A. (2020): Genomic characterization of Filamentous Phage vB_VpaI_VP-3218, an Inducible Prophage of Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Marine Genomics . doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2020.100767


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