Examining Environmental Gradients in permafrost regions – achievements of the ESA DUE GlobPermafrost project and first results from ESA CCI+ Permafrost


Contact
guido.grosse [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

A Permafrost Information System (PerSys) has been setup as part of the GlobPermafrost ESA DUE GlobPermafrost project (2016-2019, www.globpermafrost.info). This includes a data catalogue as well as a WebGIS, both linked to the Pangaea repository for easy data access. The thematic products available include InSAR-based land surface deformation maps, rock glacier velocity fields, spatially distributed permafrost model outputs, land surface properties and changes, and ground-fast lake ice. Extended permafrost modelling (time series) is implemented in the new ESA CCI+ Permafrost project (2018-2021), which will provide the key for our understanding of the changes of surface features over time. Special emphasis in CCI+ Permafrost will be on the evaluation and development of land surface models to gain better understanding of the impact of climate change on permafrost and land-atmosphere exchange. Additional focus will be on documentation of kinematics from rock glaciers in several mountain regions across the world. We will present an overview on technical developments made within GlobPermafrost and demonstrate its utility and challenges for an area prone to change of permafrost features. We will focus on the central Yamal Peninsula and the unusually warm years of 2012 and 2016. Conditions of 2012 triggered widespread retrogressive thaw slumps and the development of a gas emission crater. Thaw slumps have been reactivated in 2016, the first year with extensive coverage of Sentinel-1 as well as Sentinel-2 data. We present the documentation of these developments based on InSAR subsidence, Landsat trend analyses, ground fast lake ice, Sentinel-2 landcover information as well as a time series of the first version of ground temperatures from the ESA CCI+ Permafrost project. While landcover documents the occurrence of disturbances, InSAR provides insight into soil properties and impacts of unusually warm conditions during the unfrozen period. These space-based observations have been evaluated by in situ measurements at the long-term monitoring site Vaskiny Datchi. Ground fast lake ice and ground temperature modelling results provide additional insight into interannual variability.



Item Type
Conference (Talk)
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Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
AGU Fall Meeting 2019, 09 Dec 2019 - 13 Dec 2019, San Francisco, USA.
Eprint ID
50807
Cite as
Bartsch, A. , Grosse, G. , Westermann, S. , Strozzi, T. , Duguay, C. , Seifert, F. M. , Obu, J. , Kääb, A. , Nitze, I. , Heim, B. , Haas, A. , Widhalm, B. , Laboor, S. , Muster, S. , Wiesmann, A. , Hugelius, G. , Delaloye, R. , Matthes, H. and Leibman, M. (2019): Examining Environmental Gradients in permafrost regions – achievements of the ESA DUE GlobPermafrost project and first results from ESA CCI+ Permafrost , AGU Fall Meeting 2019, San Francisco, USA, 9 December 2019 - 13 December 2019 .


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