An emerging international network focused on permafrost coastal systems in transition


Contact
guido.grosse [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Perennially frozen ground and sea ice are key constituents of permafrost coastal systems, and their presence is the primary difference between temperate and high-latitude coastal processes. These systems are some of the most rapidly changing landscapes on Earth and, in the Arctic, are representative of the challenges being faced at the intersection between natural and anthropogenic systems. Permafrost thaw, in combination with increasing sea level and decreasing sea-ice cover, exposes arctic coastal and nearshore areas to rapid environmental and social changes. Based on decadal timescales, observations in the Arctic indicate an increase in permafrost coastal bluff erosion and storm surge flooding of low-lying ice-rich permafrost terrain. However, circum-arctic observations remain limited and the factors responsible for the apparent increase in arctic coastal dynamics are poorly constrained. A better understanding of permafrost coastal systems and how they are responding to changes in the Arctic is important since a high proportion of Arctic residents live on or near coastlines, and many derive their livelihood from terrestrial and nearshore marine resources. An expanding industrial, scientific, and commercial presence in the Arctic Ocean will also require advanced knowledge about permafrost coastlines as terrestrial access points. Since the issues involved span political, cultural, geographical, and disciplinary borders, an international network focused on permafrost coastal systems in transition is needed. An integrative network focused on permafrost coastal systems is required to realize and address the scale and complexity of the processes, dynamics, and responses of this system to physical, ecological, and social change. A primary focus of such an effort would be guided by the fact that the issues and impacts associated with permafrost coastal systems in transition are far greater than any single institution or discipline is capable of addressing alone. Future permafrost coastal system dynamics will challenge conventional wisdom as the system enters a new state impacting human decision making and adaptation planning, cultural heritage resources and ecosystems, and likely resulting in unforeseen challenges across the Arctic.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Research Networks
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
AGU Fall Meeting 2019, 09 Dec 2019 - 13 Dec 2019, San Francisco, USA.
Eprint ID
50808
Cite as
Jones, B. M. , Tweedie, C. E. , Xiao, M. , Alexeev, V. A. , Baranskaya, A. , Belova, N. , Bristol, E. , Bull, D. L. , Guangqing, C. , Dallimore, S. , Erikson, L. H. , Farquharson, L. M. , Flanary, C. , Frederick, J. , Fuchs, M. , Gibbs, A. , Graybill, J. , Grigoriev, M. N. , Grosse, G. , Günther, F. , Halvorsen, K. E. , Isaev, V. , Irrgang, A. , Iwahana, G. , Jensen, A. M. , Jones, C. A. , Kanevskiy, M. , Kasper, J. , Kinsman, N. , Kokin, O. , Kroon, A. , Lantuit, H. , Lantz, T. C. , Liljedahl, A. K. , Lubbad, R. , Maio, C. , Maslakov, A. , McClelland, J. W. , Mota, A. , Nitze, I. , Novikova, A. V. , Ogorodov, S. A. , Overbeck, J. , Overduin, P. P. , Petrov, A. N. , Richmond, B. , Romanovsky, V. E. , Rowland, J. , Sachs, T. , Schuur, E. A. G. , Shabanova, N. N. , Sinitsyn, A. , Shiklomanov, N. , Streletskiy, D. , Strzelecki, M. C. , Swanson, D. and Thomas, M. A. (2019): An emerging international network focused on permafrost coastal systems in transition , AGU Fall Meeting 2019, San Francisco, USA, 9 December 2019 - 13 December 2019 .


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