Hydroacoustic Mapping of Geogenic Hard Substrates: Challenges and Review of German Approaches


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rune.michaelis [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Subtidal hard substrate habitats are unique habitats in the marine environment. They provide crucial ecosystem services that are socially relevant, such as water clearance or as nursery space for fishes. With increasing marine usage and changing environmental conditions, pressure on reefs is increasing. All relevant directives and conventions around Europe include sublittoral hard substrate habitats in any manner. However, detailed specifications and specific advices about acquisition or delineation of these habitats are internationally rare although the demand for single object detection for e.g., ensuring safe navigation or to understand ecosystem functioning is increasing. To figure out the needs for area wide hard substrate mapping supported by automatic detection routines this paper reviews existing delineation rules and definitions relevant for hard substrate mapping. We focus on progress reached in German approval process resulting in first hydroacoustic mapping advices. In detail, we summarize present knowledge of hard substrate occurrence in the German North Sea and Baltic Sea, describes the development of hard substrate investigations and state of the art mapping techniques as well as automated analysis routines.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
51368
DOI 10.3390/geosciences10030100

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Papenmeier, S. , Darr, A. , Feldens, P. and Michaelis, R. (2020): Hydroacoustic Mapping of Geogenic Hard Substrates: Challenges and Review of German Approaches , MDPI Geosciences, 10 . doi: 10.3390/geosciences10030100


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