GLODAPv2.2020 – the second update of GLODAPv2

Mario.Hoppema [ at ]


The Global Ocean Data Analysis Project (GLODAP) is a synthesis effort providing regular compilations of surface to bottom ocean biogeochemical data, with an emphasis on seawater inorganic carbon chemistry and related variables determined through chemical analysis of water samples. GLODAPv2.2020 is an update of the previous version, GLODAPv2.2019. The major changes are: data from 106 more cruises added, extension of time coverage until 2019, and the inclusion of available discrete fugacity of CO2 (fCO2) values in the merged product files. GLODAPv2.2020 includes measurements from more than 1.2 million water samples from the global oceans collected on 946 cruises. The data for the 12 GLODAP core variables (salinity, oxygen, nitrate, silicate, phosphate, dissolved inorganic carbon, total alkalinity, pH, CFC-11, CFC-12, CFC-113, and CCl4) have undergone extensive quality control, especially systematic evaluation of bias. The data are available in two formats: (i) as submitted by the data originator but updated to WOCE exchange format and (ii) as a merged data product with adjustments applied to minimize bias. These adjustments were derived by comparing the data from the 106 new cruises with the data from the 840 quality-controlled cruises of the GLODAPv2.2019 data product. They correct for errors related to measurement, calibration, and data handling practices, while taking into account any known or likely time trends or variations in the variables evaluated. The compiled and adjusted data product is believed to be consistent to better than 0.005 in salinity, 1 % in oxygen, 2 % in nitrate, 2 % in silicate, 2 % in phosphate, 4 μmol kg−1 in dissolved inorganic carbon, 4 μmol kg−1 in total alkalinity, 0.01–0.02, depending on region, in pH, and 5 % in the halogenated transient tracers. The other variables included in the compilation, such as isotopic tracers and discrete fCO2 were not subjected to bias comparison or adjustments. The original data, their documentation and doi codes are available at the Ocean Carbon Data System of NOAA NCEI (, last access: 22 June 2020). This site also provides access to the merged data product, which is provided as a single global file and as four regional ones – the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans – under (Olsen et al., 2020). The bias corrected product files also include significant ancillary and approximated data. These were obtained by interpolation of, or calculation from, measured data. This living data update documents the GLODAPv2.2020 methods and provides a broad overview of the secondary quality control procedures and results.

Item Type
Primary Division
Primary Topic
Research Networks
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Eprint ID
DOI 10.5194/essd-2020-165

Cite as
Olsen, A. , Lange, N. , Key, R. , Tanhua, T. , Bittig, H. , Kozyr, A. , Álvarez, M. , Azetsu-Scott, K. , Becker, S. , Brown, P. , Carter, B. , Cotrim da Cunha, L. , Feely, R. A. , van Heuven, S. , Hoppema, M. , Ishii, M. , Jeansson, E. , Jutterström, S. , Landa, C. S. , Lauvset, S. , Michaelis, P. , Murata, A. , Pérez, F. F. , Pfeil, B. , Schirnick, C. , Steinfeldt, R. , Suzuki, T. , Tilbrook, B. , Velo, A. , Wanninkhof, R. and Woosley, R. J. (2020): GLODAPv2.2020 – the second update of GLODAPv2 , Earth System Science Data Discussions . doi: 10.5194/essd-2020-165



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