New results of the very high-resolution UAV surveys of the Yukon coast: Border to King Point


Contact
anna.irrgang [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Climate models indicate the highest warming rates for the high latitudes, especially for the Arctic. Recent estimates indicate that the release of previously frozen organic carbon and its transformation into greenhouse gases may push global climate warming above the 1.5 °C targeted in the COP21 Paris Agreement (Schuur et al., 2015). Despite efforts to include carbon fluxes from permafrost degradation in climate models, the lateral fluxes of organic matter from land to sea are still not accounted for (Vonk and Gustafsson, 2013). Arctic permafrost coasts are major carbon (Schuur et al., 2015) and mercury pools (Schuster et al 2018) and represent about 34% of Earth’s coastline, with large sectors affected by significant erosion rates (Fritz et al, 2017). Year-round reduction in Arctic sea ice is forecasted and by the end of the 21st century, models indicate a decrease in sea ice area ranging from 43 to 94% in September and from 8 to 34% in February (IPCC, 2014). An increase of the sea-ice free season duration will expose coasts to wave action, extending the erosion into the shoulder seasons. Changing climate will also modify the contribution of terrestrial erosion, e.g. thermokarst, gully erosion and retrogressive thaw slumps (Fritz et al., 2015, Ramage et al 2017, 2018, Irrgang et al 2018). Understanding the current processes and both inter- and intra-annual dynamics of coastal erosion in the Arctic is essential to better predict future coastal erosion rates and hence to improve carbon and contaminant flux estimates. Following previous research by the Geological Research of Canada and the Alfred Wegener Institute, in July-August 2018, we resurveyed several long-term monitoring sites from the Canada-US border to King Point: Border, Clarence, Nunaluk, Herschel’s slumps A, B, C, D and Tina’s, Stokes West, Kay Point and King Point. Traditionally the repeat surveys were conducted using a DGPS survey along fixed transects that cross-cutted each site. In 2018, we have partially repeated the DGPS surveying and surveyed all sites with a SenseFly RTK ebee UAV with a S.O.D.A. camera and a Trimble R4 base station, allowing for preliminary model accuracies of ci. 10 cm. The poster shows the results of the 2018 surveys and first comparisons with data from previous seasons, including a discussion of the main results and methodological adjustments that may be needed for the 2019 surveys. This research is integrated in the H2020 European Union project Nunataryuk - Permafrost thaw and the changing Arctic coast, science for socioeconomic adaptation.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
Authors
Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Research Networks
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
Arctic Net, 10 Dec 2018 - 14 Dec 2018, Ottawa.
Eprint ID
53296
Cite as
Vieira, G. , Pina, P. , Whalen, D. , Malenfant, F. , Stettner, S. , Gimsa, J. , Irrgang, A. , Freitas, P. , Canário, J. and Lantuit, H. (2018): New results of the very high-resolution UAV surveys of the Yukon coast: Border to King Point , Arctic Net, Ottawa, 10 December 2018 - 14 December 2018 .


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Funded by
info:eu-repo/grantAgreement/EC/H2020/VH-NG-801


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