Detection of chemical warfare agents-related phenylarsenic compounds and multi-biomarker responses in cod (Gadus morhua) from chemical munition dumpsites in the Baltic Sea


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Matthias.Brenner [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Recently, sea-dumped chemical weapons (CWs) containing toxic chemical warfare agents (CWAs) have raised international attention. It is well known that CWAs are leaking from corroded munitions causing a risk to the surrounding marine environment, while the impact on marine biota is still unknown. In this study, cod (Gadus morhua) was used as a model species to study the possible bioaccumulation of phenylarsenic CWAs and their negative effects at multiple levels of biological organization on fish living in the vicinity of a major CWs dumpsite in the Bornholm Basin in the Baltic Sea. In total, 14% of the cod muscle samples collected close to the main dumpsite contained trace levels of phenylarsenic CWAs. However, most of the biomarkers measured did not show clear differences between this area compared with a lesser contaminated reference area. On the other hand, significant changes in some biomarkers were observed in individuals containing trace levels of CWA-related chemicals. The results gained in this study have significant importance for environmental risk assessment and for evaluating the risk of CWA contamination for human seafood consumers.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
53317
DOI 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.105160

Cite as
Niemikoski, H. , Straumer, K. , Ahvo, A. , Turja, R. , Brenner, M. , Rautanen, T. , Lang, T. , Lehtonen, K. K. and Vanninen, P. (2020): Detection of chemical warfare agents-related phenylarsenic compounds and multi-biomarker responses in cod (Gadus morhua) from chemical munition dumpsites in the Baltic Sea , Marine Environmental Research, 162 (105160) . doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.105160


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Funded by
EU Baltic Sea Intereg Project DAIMON


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