Lateral and vertical organic matter dynamics in an Arctic lagoon system


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George.Tanski [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Increasing warming causes severe environmental changes in the Arctic coastal zone such as longer open water periods and rising sea levels. These processes intensify the erosion of permafrost coasts and lateral transport of sediment and organic matter (OM). Lagoons play a particularly important role in the transfer process of terrestrial OM but have been rarely investigated in the Arctic. Here, we studied a lagoon system along the Arctic Yukon coast to better understand the lateral pathways of OM from land to sea and its deposition dynamics over time. We sampled terrestrial, lagoon and marine sediment to track OM along a land-lagoon-ocean transect and took short cores to assess OM deposition dynamics. Samples were analysed for total organic carbon and nitrogen (TOC, TN), stable carbon and nitrogen isotopes (δ13C, δ15N), as well as grain size and surface area. We further analysed the shoreline change rates of the lagoon from 1950s to 2018 and coupled it to sedimentation rates derived from 210Pb/137Cs dating. Turbidity was estimated in the lagoon surface water using Landsat imagery for the main wind directions. Our results show that OC concentrations significantly decrease along the land-lagoon-ocean transect. Currents potentially removed large portions of eroded OM, especially under easterly winds, which is indicated by elevated SPM concentrations. In contrast, OM can get buried quickly, which is indicated by high OM contents in deeper lagoon sediments. Coastal erosion rates in the lagoon increased drastically since the 1970s and correspond with increasing sedimentation rates, suggesting a direct relation of environmental forcing and OM deposition dynamics in the lagoon. We conclude that lagoons are a crucial transfer zone between land and ocean, which can substantially influence OM pathways. Under current environmental change scenarios in the Arctic, the role of lagoons may get more important as gateways of OM from land to sea.



Item Type
Conference (Conference paper)
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Primary Division
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Primary Topic
Research Networks
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
Arctic Change 2020, 07 Dec 2020 - 10 Dec 2020, Online.
Eprint ID
53649
Cite as
Tanski, G. , Chassiot, L. , Bravo, V. , Falardeau, J. , Irrgang, A. , Fritz, M. , Speetjens, N. , Klein, K. , Lantuit, H. , de Vernal, A. , Hillaire-Marcel, C. and Vonk, J. E. (2020): Lateral and vertical organic matter dynamics in an Arctic lagoon system , Arctic Change 2020, Online, 7 December 2020 - 10 December 2020 .


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