Detecting shifts of submarine sediment boundaries using side-scan mosaics and GIS analyses


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daphnie.galvez [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Detecting changes of sediment boundaries on the seafloor is important for a better understanding of sediment dynamics and related impacts to benthic habitats. Side-scan sonars (SSS) perform more cost-effectively in shallow waters than other acoustic systems because of their larger swath widths, and the resolution of its images does not change with varying water depth. However, as they are generally towed behind the survey vessel, they tend to have lower positioning accuracy, which makes them unreliable for change detection analyses. In this study, we present a workflow that processes SSS data in a way that makes them fit for change detection analyses. To test the capacity of SSS mosaics for change detection, we used a free software called “Digital Shoreline Analysis System”, which was developed by the United States Geological Survey for ArcGIS version 10.4 onwards. The methods were applied in three areas in the Sylt Outer Reef, German Bight, North Sea. Our results showed that with appropriate processing, SSS mosaics could be used for change detection of sharp sediment boundaries. We found a common trend in the sediment distribution patterns of coarse sediments by monitoring the movement of their boundaries. The boundaries moved in northeast-southwest direction and boundary movements of less than 20 m were typically observed. The methods presented here are semi-automated, repeatable, and replicable, which has potential for wide-scale monitoring of sediment distribution patterns.



Item Type
Article
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Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
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Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
54492
DOI 10.1016/j.margeo.2020.106343

Cite as
Galvez, D. , Papenmeier, S. , Hass, H. C. , Bartholomae, A. , Fofonova, V. and Wiltshire, K. H. (2020): Detecting shifts of submarine sediment boundaries using side-scan mosaics and GIS analyses , Marine Geology, 430 , p. 106343 . doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2020.106343


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HE > 400 - 419 > 400
HE > 400 - 419 > 415
HE > 420-439 > 436
HE > 500-519 > 501
HE > 500-519 > 505

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