Active North Atlantic deepwater formation during Heinrich Stadial 1


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henning.bauch [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Deepwater circulation significantly changed during the last deglaciation from a shallow to a deep- reaching overturning cell. This change went along with a drawdown of isotopically light waters into the abyss and a deep ocean warming that changed deep ocean stratification from a salinity-to a temperature-controlled mode. Yet, the exact mechanisms causing these changes are still unknown. Furthermore, the long-standing idea of a complete shutdown of North Atlantic deepwater formation during Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1) (17.5e14.6 kyr BP) remains prevalent. Here, we present a new compi- lation of benthic d13C and d18O data from the North Atlantic at high temporal resolution with consistent age models, established as part of the international PAGES working group OC3, to investigate deepwater properties in the North Atlantic. The extensive compilation, which includes 105 sediment cores, reveals different water masses during HS1. A water mass with heavy d13C and d18O signature occupies the Iceland Basin, whereas between 20 and 50� N, a distinct tongue of 18O depleted, 13C enriched water reaches down to 4000 m water depths. The heavy d13C signature indicates active deepwater formation in the North Atlantic during HS1. Differences in its d18O signature indicate either different sources or an alteration of the deepwater on its southward pathway. Based on these results, we discuss concepts of deepwater formation in the North Atlantic that help to explain the deglacial change from a salinity-driven to a temperature-driven circulation mode.



Item Type
Article
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Primary Division
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Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
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Peer revision
Peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
54554
DOI 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107145

Cite as
Repschläger, J. , Zhao, N. , Rand, D. , Lisiecki, L. , Muglia, J. , Mulitza, S. , Schmittner, A. , Cartapanis, O. , Bauch, H. A. , Schiebel, R. and Haug, G. H. (2021): Active North Atlantic deepwater formation during Heinrich Stadial 1 , Quaternary Science Reviews, 270 , p. 107145 . doi: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107145


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