Improving age-depth correlations by using the LANDO model ensemble

gregor.pfalz [ at ]


Age-depth correlations are the key elements in paleoenvironmental studies to place proxy measurements into a temporal context. However, potential influencing factors of the available radiocarbon data and the associated modeling process can cause serious divergences of age-depth correlations from true chronologies, which is particularly challenging for paleolimnological studies in Arctic regions. This paper provides geoscientists with a tool-assisted approach to compare outputs from age-depth modeling systems and to strengthen the robustness of age-depth correlations. We primarily focused in the development on age determination data from a data collection of high latitude lake systems (50° N to 90° N, 62 sediment cores, and a total of 661 dating points). Our approach used five age-depth modeling systems (Bacon, Bchron, clam, hamstr, Undatable) that we linked through a multi-language Jupyter Notebook called LANDO (“Linked age and depth modeling”). Within LANDO we have implemented a pipeline from data integration to model comparison to allow users to investigate the outputs of the modeling systems. In this paper, we focused on highlighting three different case studies: comparing multiple modeling systems for one sediment core with a continuous, undisturbed succession of dating points (CS1 - “Undisturbed sequence”), for one sediment core with scattered dating points (CS2 - “Inconsistent sequence”), and for multiple sediment cores (CS3 - “Multiple cores”). For the first case study (CS1), we showed how we facilitate the output data from all modeling systems to create an ensemble age-depth model. In the special case of scattered dating points (CS2), we introduced an adapted method that uses independent proxy data to assess the performance of each modeling system in representing lithological changes. Based on this evaluation, we reproduced the characteristics of an existing age-depth model (Lake Ilirney, EN18208) without removing age determination data. For the multiple sediment core (CS3) we found that when considering the Pleistocene-Holocene transition, the main regime changes in sedimentation rates do not occur synchronously for all lakes. We linked this behavior to the uncertainty within the modeling process as well as the local variability of the sediment cores within the collection.

Item Type
Primary Division
Primary Topic
Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Eprint ID
DOI 10.5194/gchron-2021-40

Cite as
Pfalz, G. , Diekmann, B. , Freytag, J. C. , Sryrkh, L. , Subetto, D. A. and Biskaborn, B. K. (2021): Improving age-depth correlations by using the LANDO model ensemble , Geochronology Discuss. . doi: 10.5194/gchron-2021-40

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Geographical region

Research Platforms

Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2016_Keperveem
Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2016_Lena
Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2018_Chukotka
Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2019_Kisi
Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2020_Chukotka
Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2020_Khamra
Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2013_Yakutia

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