Measurements of 540–1740 MHz Brightness Temperatures of Sea Ice During the Winter of the MOSAiC Campaign

lars.kaleschke [ at ]


A ground-based ultra-wideband radiometer operating at 540, 900, 1380, and 1740 MHz was used to measure microwave thermal emissions from an Arctic sea ice floe as part of the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) Expedition. The instrument was deployed on a drifting ice floe near 86°N, 120°E in leg 1 of the expedition (December 2019) and observed second-year ice (potentially with refrozen melt ponds) that experienced new ice growth at its base over a ten-day period. Measured circularly polarized brightness temperatures were compared with the predictions of a radiative transfer (RT) model for a layered medium consisting of ocean, growing new ice, desalinated remnant second-year ice/refrozen melt pond, and snow layers. Characteristics of the sea ice composition used in the model were determined from <italic>in-situ</italic> measurements. Comparisons of the measured and modeled wideband brightness temperatures showed good agreement consistently over the observation period and for various off-nadir observation angles. The results demonstrate the capabilities of 0.5–2 GHz microwave radiometry for observing sea ice properties and also show the impact of a saline ice layer at the ice bottom on the measured brightness temperature.

Item Type
Primary Division
Primary Topic
Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
Publication Status
Eprint ID
DOI 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3105360

Cite as
Demir, O. , Johnson, J. T. , Jezek, K. C. , Andrews, M. J. , Ayotte, K. , Spreen, G. , Hendricks, S. , Kaleschke, L. , Oggier, M. , Granskog, M. A. , Fong, A. , Hoppmann, M. , Matero, I. and Scholz, D. (2022): Measurements of 540–1740 MHz Brightness Temperatures of Sea Ice During the Winter of the MOSAiC Campaign , IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 60 , pp. 1-11 . doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3105360

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Geographical region

Research Platforms

PS > 122/1 (MOSAiC20192020)

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