Long-term thermokarst lake development and internal ecological feedbacks: A new reconstruction from Lake Satagay (Yakutia, Siberia)


Contact
ramesh.glueckler [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

The permafrost-shaped landscape of Central Yakutia is particularly rich in thermokarst lakes, which provide important cultural and ecosystem services to the local population. Climate warming and an intensification of agriculture in alaas systems (i.e. mostly drained basins of large thaw lakes formed during the early Holocene under warm climatic conditions) in the Central Yakutian Lowlands may lead to pronounced changes in water resources, water quality, nutrient loading and biodiversity. This could in turn threaten the livelihoods of affected communities, who depend on functional alaas ecosystems. To better foresee potential future impacts of environmental changes on internal lake ecological processes, it is important to gain a better understanding of how thermokarst lakes reacted to such changes in the past. Here, we present a new paleoenvironmental reconstruction of ecological changes within Lake Satagay (N 63.078, E 117.998, Nyurbinsky District), covering the last ca. 10,800 years. We use sedimentological and XRF-derived geochemical parameters, in addition to the metabarcoding of sedimentary ancient DNA (sedDNA) for diatoms and aquatic plants, and microscopic diatom analyses, to evaluate sedimentological and biodiversity shifts throughout the Holocene. Our study revealed 53 diatom DNA sequence types and 53 species morphologically. High distributions of Stephanodiscus and Fragilaria, among multiple other diatom genera in the early Holocene, indicate that initial formation of this typical alaas lake occurred earlier than expected (i.e. before 10,800 BP). In recent millennia diatom abundance decreased and their community is almost exclusively composed of Pseudostaurosira and Fragilaria. Composition of aquatic plants show an overall dominance of Ceratophyllaceae and strong fluctuations in Potamogetonaceae likely related to lake level and water chemical changes. All proxies investigated support that lake conditions and biotic composition has been resilient since 4,000 BP, but youngest samples since 47 BP indicate that land use influence has been crucial for the lake quality. This study represents a step towards a better understanding of climate and human-impacted alaas lake development and its consequences for their ecosystem services in eastern Siberia in the near future.



Item Type
Conference (Conference paper)
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Primary Division
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Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
N/A
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Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
EGU General Assembly 2022, 23 May 2022 - 27 May 2022, Vienna, Austria.
Eprint ID
55962
DOI 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9336

Cite as
Baisheva, I. , Pestryakova, L. , Biskaborn, B. K. , Vyse, S. , Levina, S. , Glückler, R. , Herzschuh, U. and Stoof-Leichsenring, K. (2022): Long-term thermokarst lake development and internal ecological feedbacks: A new reconstruction from Lake Satagay (Yakutia, Siberia) , EGU General Assembly 2022, Vienna, Austria, 23 May 2022 - 27 May 2022 . doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu22-9336


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Arctic Land Expeditions > RU-Land_2018_Yakutia


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