Invasive Vaucheria (Xanthophyceae) at the lower shore of the Wadden Sea


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Karsten.Reise [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Vaucheria species have previously been restricted to upper shore habitats in the Wadden Sea (eastern North Sea, European Atlantic). In contrast to these previous observations, we have now found Vaucheria longicaulis and a distinct plastid lineage of V. velutina spreading along the lower shores, forming extensive turfs at and below low tide level under fully marine conditions near the Island of Sylt. Species and populations were identified by morphological features and reconfirmed by sequencing the plastid-encoding gene rbcL and the psbA-rbcL spacer region. We needed to modify primer sequences to successfully amplify the rbcL region of marine and brackish Vaucheria species. Due to distinct phylogenetic grouping, we can reject the possibility of niche expansions from the upper shore and propose recent introductions as the cause of the newly formed populations at the lower shore.



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Article
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Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
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Peer-reviewed, Web of Science / Scopus
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Published
Eprint ID
55988
DOI 10.1080/00318884.2022.2035532

Cite as
Rybalka, N. , Epkes, S. , Wegner, K. M. , Michaelis, R. and Reise, K. (2022): Invasive Vaucheria (Xanthophyceae) at the lower shore of the Wadden Sea , Phycologia, pp. 1-10 . doi: 10.1080/00318884.2022.2035532


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