Proteomic analysis of the ATP synthase interactome in notothenioids highlights a pathway that inhibits ceruloplasmin production


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Magnus.Lucassen [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Antarctic notothenioids have unique adaptations that allow them to thrive in subzero Antarctic waters. Within the suborder Notothenioidei, species of the family Channichthyidae (icefish) lack hemoglobin and in some instances myoglobin too. In studies of mitochondrial function of notothenioids, few have focused specifically on ATP synthase. In this study, we find that the icefish Champsocephalus gunnari has a significantly higher level of ATP synthase subunit α expression than the red-blooded Notothenia rossii, but a much smaller interactome than the other species. We characterize the interactome of ATP synthase subunit α in two red-blooded species Trematomus bernacchii, N. rossii, and in the icefish Chionodraco rastrospinosus and C. gunnari and find that, in comparison with the other species, reactome enrichment for C. gunnari lacks chaperonin-mediated protein folding, and fewer oxidative-stress-associated proteins are present in the identified interactome of C. gunnari. Reactome enrichment analysis also identifies a transcript-specific translational silencing pathway for the iron oxidase protein ceruloplasmin, which has previously been reported in studies of icefish as distinct from other red-blooded fish and vertebrates in its activity and RNA transcript expression. Ceruloplasmin protein expression is detected by Western blot in the liver of T. bernacchii, but not in N. rossii, C. rastrospinosus, and C. gunnari. We suggest that the translation of ceruloplasmin transcripts is silenced by the identified pathway in icefish notothenioids, which is indicative of altered iron metabolism and Fe(II) detoxification.



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Article
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Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
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Published
Eprint ID
56834
DOI 10.1152/ajpregu.00069.2022

Cite as
Ebanks, B. , Katyal, G. , Lucassen, M. , Papetti, C. and Chakrabarti, L. (2022): Proteomic analysis of the ATP synthase interactome in notothenioids highlights a pathway that inhibits ceruloplasmin production , American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 323 (2), R181-R192 . doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00069.2022


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