Low ozone dry deposition rates to sea ice during the MOSAiC field campaign: Implications for the Arctic boundary layer ozone budget

Peter.von.der.Gathen [ at ] awi.de


Dry deposition to the surface is one of the main removal pathways of tropospheric ozone (O₃). We quantified for the first time the impact of O₃ deposition to the Arctic sea ice on the planetary boundary layer (PBL) O₃ concentration and budget using year-round flux and concentration observations from the Multidisciplinary drifting Observatory for the Study of Arctic Climate (MOSAiC) campaign and simulations with a single-column atmospheric chemistry and meteorological model (SCM). Based on eddy-covariance O₃ surface flux observations, we find a median surface resistance on the order of 20,000 s m¯¹, resulting in a dry deposition velocity of approximately 0.005 cm s¯¹. This surface resistance is up to an order of magnitude larger than traditionally used values in many atmospheric chemistry and transport models. The SCM is able to accurately represent the yearly cycle, with maxima above 40 ppb in the winter and minima around 15 ppb at the end of summer. However, the observed springtime ozone depletion events are not captured by the SCM. In winter, the modelled PBL O₃ budget is governed by dry deposition at the surface mostly compensated by downward turbulent transport of O₃ towards the surface. Advection, which is accounted for implicitly by nudging to reanalysis data, poses a substantial, mostly negative, contribution to the simulated PBL O₃ budget in summer. During episodes with low wind speed (<5 m s¯¹) and shallow PBL (<50 m), the 7-day mean dry deposition removal rate can reach up to 1.0 ppb h¯¹. Our study highlights the importance of an accurate description of dry deposition to Arctic sea ice in models to quantify the current and future O₃ sink in the Arctic, impacting the tropospheric O₃ budget, which has been modified in the last century largely due to anthropogenic activities.

Item Type
Primary Division
Primary Topic
Publication Status
Published online
Eprint ID
DOI 10.1525/elementa.2022.00086

Cite as
Barten, J. G. , Ganzeveld, L. N. , Steeneveld, G. J. , Blomquist, B. W. , Angot, H. , Archer, S. D. , Bariteau, L. , Beck, I. , Boyer, M. , von der Gathen, P. , Helmig, D. , Howard, D. , Hueber, J. , Jacobi, H. W. , Jokinen, T. , Laurila, T. , Posman, K. M. , Quéléver, L. , Schmale, J. , Shupe, M. D. and Krol, M. C. (2023): Low ozone dry deposition rates to sea ice during the MOSAiC field campaign: Implications for the Arctic boundary layer ozone budget / J. Deming and L. Miller (editors) , Elementa: Science of the Anthropocene, 11 (1) (1), pp. 1-21 . doi: 10.1525/elementa.2022.00086

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Research Platforms

PS > 122/1 (MOSAiC20192020)
PS > 122/2 (MOSAiC20192020)
PS > 122/3 (MOSAiC20192020)
PS > 122/4 (MOSAiC20192020)
PS > 122/5 (MOSAiC20192020)

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