Kinetic Models and Phenomenological Analysis of Passive Lipid Translocation in Single-file

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Passive movement of lipids through a membrane-embedded pore is analysed with kinetic equations of transport in single-file. The number of lipids arranged along the translocation coordinate in the pore is not limited in the calculations. The assumption is made that the energetic state of a pore is independent of the sequence of lipids contained in it. The results are valid for an arbitrary number of species with identical kinetic constants. It is shown that infinitely fast diffusion of one vacant site is equivalent to the filled pore approximation, which has been used here. We introduce the concept of non-strict single-file, which allows also for exchanges of neighbouring lipids inside the pore at specified rates. The model successfully simulates the redistribution of lipids between the monolayers of red blood cell plasma membranes under operation of an active aminophospholipid translocase. Kinetic equations are related to linear flux force relations. Phenomenological coefficients are expressed and analysed in terms of kinetic constants. Plausible kinetic pore model parameters are derived from comparison with a reference simulation of a thermodynamic model of the erythrocyte transmembrane lipid distribution. Mechanical forces due to differences in compressions of the lipid molecules between the monolayers are incorporated in kinetic rate constants. It is seen how the active inward transport of aminophospholipids causes an unsymmetrical passive redistribution of the other components due to mechanical effects and cross-coupling of fluxes. Copyright 1999 Academic Press.PMID: 10074392 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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Frickenhaus, S. and Heinrich, R. (1999): Kinetic Models and Phenomenological Analysis of Passive Lipid Translocation in Single-file , Journal of Theoretical Biology, 197 , pp. 175-191 .

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