The modelling of sea ice-melt water ponds for the High Arctic using an airborne line scan camera, and applied to the satellite special sensor microwave/imager (SSM/I)


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selnaggar [ at ] awi-bremerhaven.de

Abstract

Melt-water ponds on sea ice in the Northeast Water Polynya (77-82°N, 1-18°W) were mapped using a Line Scan Camera (LSC) mounted on a helicopter. Passive microwave satellite data from the Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) were employed to analyse the temporal trend of radiances of shorefast ice for 1993 and sea ice during sixteen flights of the LSC (June-July). A simple, linear algorithm tailored to accomodate the summer ice regime, was developed. The LSC measurements of ice (50.9±12.5%), water and melt-water pond fractions compared very well with the SSM/I derived mean ice concentrations (50.9±12.8%). The comparison resulted in a correlation coefficient of 0.953. Combining the LSC melt-water pond fraction data with other data available from the literature provided the basis to construct a second degree polynomial function of a melt-water empirical model to correct the under estimation of SSM/I derived sea ice concentration due to the effect of melt-water ponds.



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Article
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Peer revision
ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Eprint ID
742
Cite as
El Naggar, S. E. D. , Garrity, C. and Ramseier, R. O. (1998): The modelling of sea ice-melt water ponds for the High Arctic using an airborne line scan camera, and applied to the satellite special sensor microwave/imager (SSM/I) , International Journal of Remote Sensing, 19 (12), pp. 2373-2394 .


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