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A model for planktic foraminiferal shell growth

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Signes, M. , Bijma, J. , Hemleben, C. and Ott, R. (1993): A model for planktic foraminiferal shell growth , Paleobiology, 19 (1), pp. 71-91 .
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Abstract:

In this paper we analyze the laws of growth that control planktic foraminiferal shell morpholoy. We assume that isometry is the key towards the understanding of their ontogeny. Hence, our "null hypothesis" is that these organisms construct isometric shells. To test this hypothesis, geometric models of their shells have been generated with a personal computer. It is demonstrated that early chambers in log-spirally coiled structures can not follow a strict isometric arrangement. In the real world, the centres of juvenile chambers deviate from the logarithmic growth curve. Juvenile stages are generally more planispiral and contain more chambers per whorl than adult stages. These traits are shown to be essential in order to keep volumes of consecutive chambers in geometric progression. We are convinced that the neanic stage marks the constructional bridge from a juvenile set of growth parameters to an adult one. The adult stage can be strictly isometric, i.e. the effective shape is constant and the increase in volume after a chamber addition is proportional to the preexisting volume of the shell.The shell volume is related to the biomass, the ratio of outer shell surface area to shell volume is related to the respiration-rate and the ratio of the total shell surface area to shell volume is related to the total calcification effort. The influence of the parameters of the model on these relationships are investigated. Only, the initial radius and the rate of radius increase affect the relationships between shell volume and surface area. The other shape parameters only provide a fine tune up of these relationships. Size itself plays a major role during foraminiferal development.

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