The impact of seasonal regulation of metabolism on the life history of Antarctic krill


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Bettina.Meyer [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Antarctic krill up- and down-regulate their metabolism as a strategy to cope with the strong seasonal environmental fluctuations in the Southern Ocean. In this study, we investigate the impact of this light- and temperature dependent metabolic regulation on growth, reproduction and winter survival of krill. Therefore, we advance a bioenergetic growth model of krill by adding a data-derived scaling function of krill activity. With SERBIK (SEasonally Regulated BIoenergetic Krill growth model), we conduct a numerical experiment which tests the impact of such scaling on krill life history under two different winter food conditions: In the first scenario, we simulate life history of krill when winter food availability is low; in the second scenario, winter food availability is increased within realistic ranges. The results demonstrate that the scaling of metabolism is especially important during low food winters. Reducing metabolism during winter permits individuals to grow to larger body length, reproduce successfully and release a greater number of eggs. It further significantly reduces withinyear size fluctuations caused by starvation during months with low food availability. Finally, SERBIK can be used in future spatial modelling studies which include movement of krill along latitudinal gradients and thus spatiotemporal gradients in light- and temperature.



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ISI/Scopus peer-reviewed
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Published
Eprint ID
53559
DOI 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2021.109427

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Bahlburg, D. , Meyer, B. and Berger, U. (2021): The impact of seasonal regulation of metabolism on the life history of Antarctic krill , Ecological Modelling, 442 . doi: 10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2021.109427


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