How is permafrost carbon affected by seawater inundation? - Estimating greenhouse gas production in thermokarst lagoons of Bykovsky Peninsula, Siberia


Contact
maren.jenrich [ at ] awi.de

Abstract

Thermokarst lagoons, forming when thermokarst lakes are inundated by the sea, are an transition stage where terrestrial permafrost is introduced into the subsea realm. Here, permafrost and lacustrine carbon pools are transformed along Arctic coasts. During thaw previously frozen organic carbon can be converted into the greenhouse gases (GHG) carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane by microorganisms and leading to further climate warming. Especially for transition ecosystems like thermokarst lagoons it is largely unknown how GHG release is changing and whether thermokarst lagoons are a carbon source or sink. For getting a first glimpse of the consequences of saltwater inundation, we mimic the inundation of coastal permafrost in an experiment by incubating permafrost and thermokarst samples with artificial sea water under controlled conditions (4°C, dark, anaerobic) for 12 month. We used terrestrial samples from a 2.5 m high Yedoma outcrop, a thermokarst lake core, as well as samples from two neighboring thermokarst lagoons (a nearly-closed and a semi-closed) from the Bykovsky Peninsula, Northeast Siberia. By applying two different scenarios we aim to estimate (1) future GHG releases from newly formed Arctic lagoons by adding artificial seawater with a constant concentration and (2) the impact of increasing salinity on GHG production by incubating the samples under freshwater, brackish and marine conditions. Here we present (1) total organic carbon and dissolved organic carbon content for deep-drilled sediment cores (~ 30m) and (2) preliminary results on GHG production (methane and CO2) rates measured over 6 month. First results show that (1) GHG production is higher for inundated terrestrial sediments than for inundated lagoon sediments and (2) increasing salinity is favoring carbon dioxide production while methane production is low. In conclusion newly formed thermokarst lagoons, if upscaled to the thermokarst affected shorelines, are likely produce a significant amount of GHG under our experiment set-up.



Item Type
Conference (Poster)
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Divisions
Primary Division
Programs
Primary Topic
Helmholtz Cross Cutting Activity (2021-2027)
N/A
Peer revision
Not peer-reviewed
Publication Status
Published
Event Details
2021 Regional Conference on Permafrost (RCOP21), 24 Oct 2021 - 29 Oct 2021, online.
Eprint ID
55720
Cite as
Jenrich, M. , Liebner, S. , Knoblauch, C. , Jongejans, L. L. , Tanski, G. , Grigoriev, M. N. , Grosse, G. and Strauss, J. (2021): How is permafrost carbon affected by seawater inundation? - Estimating greenhouse gas production in thermokarst lagoons of Bykovsky Peninsula, Siberia , 2021 Regional Conference on Permafrost (RCOP21), online, 24 October 2021 - 29 October 2021 .


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